Tagore, Kabi Guru Rabindranath (1st Nobel Laureate of Asia)

International Institute of Bengal Basin IIBB( Ghosh Research Associates International)




Welcome to Bengal Basin


Upcoming Events July 2013


Donation to IIBB


4 Scientists


Join IIBB/Member Benefits


Arsenic Contamination in the Bengal Basin


Frequently Asked Questions


History of Bengal


Historic Figures of Bengal


Language Day


News Articles


International Symposia Series on Toxic Contamination


Human Rights Symposia Series


Raja Ram Mohan Roy: Father of Modern India - Symposia Series


Recent Event-8th International Symposium in Bangladesh: Background, Registration, and Fees


Upcoming Events


Visva Bharati University


Message Center


Discussion Groups


Maps/Photos


Links


Contact us


Stand Against Injustice


Sheik Majibur Rahman


Founder and Institute Fight to Save Property


About the Institute


Sitemap




  Maps/Photos

Rash B. Ghosh, Ph.D (Founder IIBB)  
(510) 870-4988 (510) 575-5112  

IIBengalBasin@gmail.com & usak2@yahoo.com  




See maps and photos that detail Bengal Basin and the affects of arsenic.

View all items


Townes_Tagore_Seminar_Poster_2…

scroll.JPG

Townes-Tagore--2011.gif










2011-07-23_16-16-56_742.jpg

rash_2.jpg

Global warming.jpg










Banner on human rights convent…

IIBB banner2.JPG

The Central Shaihid Minar (Mar…






The word "Shahid" means martyr and the word "minar" means monument. Shahid Minar- the Monument of Martyr - is a unique monument located in the heart of Dhaka city, capital of Bangladesh to pay homage to the martyr of the movement for the right to speak in our own 'mother language'. This monument is an icon of courage, sacrifice and patriotism of the people of Bangladesh. It symbolizes the unparalleled strong will of the people to safeguard their own culture and love for their mother tongue. It is also the first of the series of movements leading to the war of liberation of Bangladesh.


Before 1971, Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan and was called East Pakistan. Even though the majority of the people of the then Pakistan spoke the language Bangla, the rulers of Pakistan who were mostly from West Pakistan wanted to make their language Urdu as the state language. It happened in 1952. This was a wake up call for the people of East Pakistan and it showed that the rulers of the country were totally biased towards the West Pakistan. So on 21st February, the people of East Pakistan protested vigorously and came out to the streets demanding that Bangla - the mother tongue of 65% of the population of Pakistan, should be the official state language. The rulers of the country ordered the police to fire on them and three martyrs gave their lives on that day. A temporary monument was erected the next day at the site and eventually replaced by a permanent one.


Since then the people of Bangladesh observe 21st February as the national language day. In 1971, on 25th March when the Pakistani armies attacked the people of East Pakistan, this monument was crushed to the ground by the Pakistani army. It was as if they could not stand it. The next day some brave souls put some flowers on that spot to show that the spirit is still alive. In 1971, on 16th of December when Bangladesh won the war of independence and became a free county, the construction began immediately for this monument and it was made larger keeping all the aspects proportional.


No where on this earth there exists such example of sacrifice and fight to speak in one's mother tongue. To make this known to the world a proposal was presented at the 30th General Conference of UNESCO and on September 17, 1999, UNESCO declared 21st February as the International Mother language Day for the people of the world therefore making the Shahid Minar as a global icon of sacrifice for the right to speak in one's mother tongue.





The First Shahid Minar.jpg

Abdul Jabbar.jpg

Dhirendra Nath Datta.jpg

The word "Shahid" means martyr and the word "minar" means monument. Shahid Minar- the Monument of Martyr - is a unique monument located in the heart of Dhaka city, capital of Bangladesh to pay homage to the martyr of the movement for the right to speak in our own 'mother language'. This monument is an icon of courage, sacrifice and patriotism of the people of Bangladesh. It symbolizes the unparalleled strong will of the people to safeguard their own culture and love for their mother tongue. It is also the first of the series of movements leading to the war of liberation of Bangladesh.


Before 1971, Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan and was called East Pakistan. Even though the majority of the people of the then Pakistan spoke the language Bangla, the rulers of Pakistan who were mostly from West Pakistan wanted to make their language Urdu as the state language. It happened in 1952. This was a wake up call for the people of East Pakistan and it showed that the rulers of the country were totally biased towards the West Pakistan. So on 21st February, the people of East Pakistan protested vigorously and came out to the streets demanding that Bangla - the mother tongue of 65% of the population of Pakistan, should be the official state language. The rulers of the country ordered the police to fire on them and three martyrs gave their lives on that day. A temporary monument was erected the next day at the site and eventually replaced by a permanent one.


Since then the people of Bangladesh observe 21st February as the national language day. In 1971, on 25th March when the Pakistani armies attacked the people of East Pakistan, this monument was crushed to the ground by the Pakistani army. It was as if they could not stand it. The next day some brave souls put some flowers on that spot to show that the spirit is still alive. In 1971, on 16th of December when Bangladesh won the war of independence and became a free county, the construction began immediately for this monument and it was made larger keeping all the aspects proportional.


No where on this earth there exists such example of sacrifice and fight to speak in one's mother tongue. To make this known to the world a proposal was presented at the 30th General Conference of UNESCO and on September 17, 1999, UNESCO declared 21st February as the International Mother language Day for the people of the world therefore making the Shahid Minar as a global icon of sacrifice for the right to speak in one's mother tongue.




Jabbar, Abdul


(1919- 1952) martyr of LANGUAGE MOVEMENT. Abdul Jabbar was born at village Panchuara in Gafargaon thana of Mymensingh district on 26 Aswin 1326 BS (1919 AD). He had his primary education in a local pathsala, but could not continue his studies due to poverty. He left the school and was engaged in helping his father in agricultural work. While a boy of fifteen Abdul Jabbar left home unnoticed and reached Narayanganj by train in search of fortune. There he came in contact with an Englishman who helped him in getting a job in Burma. He earned some proficiency in English language there. He returned home after twelve years of service in Burma.




In defence of Bangla: Bangla as the state language of Pakistan


Sir, in moving this– the motion that stands in my name– I can assure the House that I do so not in a spirit of narrow Provincialism, but, Sir, in the spirit that this motion receives the fullest consideration at the hands of the members. I know, Sir, that Bangla is a provincial language, but so far our state is concerned, it is the language of the majority of the People of the state. So although it is a provincial language, but as it is a language of the majority of the people of the state and it stands on a different footing therefore. Out of six crores and ninety lakhs of people inhabiting this State, 4 crores and 40 lakhs of people speak the Bangla language. So, Sir, what should be the State language of the State? The State language of the state should be the language which is used by the majority of the people of the State, and for that, Sir, I consider that Bangla language is a lingua franca of our State. It may be contended with a certain amount of force that even in our sister dominion the provincial language have not got the status of a lingua franca because in her sister dominion of India the proceedings of the constituent Assembly is conducted in Hindustani, Hindi or Urdu or English. It is not conducted in the Bangla language but so far as the Bangla is concerned out of 30 crores of people inhabiting that sister dominion two and a half crores speak the Bangla language. Hindustani, Hindi or Urdu has been given and honored place in the sister dominion because the majority of the people of the Indian Dominion speak that language. So we are to consider that in our state it is found that the majority of the People of the state do speak the Bangla language than Bangla should have an honoured place even in the Central Government.


I know, Sir, I voice the sentiments of the vast millions of our State. In the meantime I wand to let the House know the feelings of the vastest millions of our State. Even, Sir, in the Eastern Pakistan where the People numbering four crores and forty lakhs speak the Bangla language the common man even if he goes to a Post Office and wants to have a money order form finds that the money order is printed in Urdu language and is not printed in Bangla language or it is printed in English. A poor cultivator, who has got his son, Sir, as a student in the Dhaka University and who wants to send money to him, goes to a village Post Office and he asked for a money order form, finds that the money order form is printed in Urdu language. He can not send the money order but shall have to rush to a distant town and have this money order form translated for him and then the money order, Sir, that is necessary for his boy can be sent. The poor cultivator, Sir, sells a certain plot of land or a poor cultivator purchases a plot of land and goes to the Stamp vendor and pays him money but cannot say whether he has received the value of the money is Stamps. The value of the Stamp, Sir, is written not in Bangla but is written in Urdu and English. But he cannot say, Sir, whether he has got the real value of the Stamp. These are the difficulties experienced by the Common man of our State. The language of the state should be such which can be understood by the common man of the State. The common man of the State numbering four crores and forty millions find that the proceedings of this Assembly which is their mother of parliaments is being conduct in a language, Sir, which is unknown to them. Then, Sir, English has got an honoured place, Sir, in Rule 29. I know, Sir, English has got an honoured place because of the International Character.


But, Sir, if English can have an honoured place in Rule 29 that the proceedings of the Assembly should be conducted in Urdu or English why Bangla, which is spoken by four crores forty lakhs of people should not have an honoured place, Sir, in Rule 29 of the procedure Rules. So, Sir, I know I am voicing the sentiments of the vast millions of our State and therefore Bangla should not be treated as a Provincial Language. It should be treated as the language of the State. And therefore, Sir, I suggest that after the word 'English', the words 'Bangla' be inserted in Rule 29. I do not wish to detain the House but I wish that the Members present here should give a consideration to the sentiments of the vast millions of over State, Sir, and should accept the amendment that has been moved by me.


Mr Datta's Speech in the Parliament





vivekananda_seated_midsize.jpg

Abul Barkat.gif

Raja Ram Mohan Roy.jpg



A Language Martyr who died on 21st February 1952, as police opened fire on a mass-rally demanding his mother language Bangla to be one of the State languages of the then Pakistan. Born on 16th June 1927 in village Babla in Bhorotpur police station under Murshidabad district in West Bengal, he migrated to Bangladesh (the then East Pakistan) in 1948. He was a Masters student of the University of Dhaka


An oil-painting of Raja Ram mohan Roy by Atul Bose



A royal bengal tiger of bangla…

Bangla New Year festivities.jp…

Beautiful scene of Cox's Bazar…










Picture of the Bangabandhu Bri…

Royal Bengal Tiger of Banglade…

First students gathering for t…






Since 1757 Indian sub continent was a British colony and was ruling almost 200 years until 1947. In August 1947, India and Pakistan became independence countries on the basis of two religion as Hindu and Muslim after leaving of British from this subcontinent.

Pakistan was formed by two parts: West Pakistan and East Pakistan presently Bangladesh which were apart by 1800 kms. But 54% population of Pakistan were living in east part i,e, in Banhladesh and their mother language was Bangla. After independence Pakistani Govt was considering Bangla as second language and establishing Urdu as the first language of Pakistan.


In September, 1947 a cultural society called Tamuddin Majlis was formed by different scholars with the leadership of a Dhaka University Physics Professor Abul Kashem. This organization first demanded in a booklet to establish Bangla as one of the state language of Pakistan.

In November, 1947 this demand was supported by Education Minister Fazlur Rahman, a Bengali and opposed Urdu as the only language of Pakistan. In 1948 an opposition Bengali leader Dhirendra Nath request a proposal in Assembly to declare Bengali as the State language. But it was also opposed by the Pakistani members.Day by day this demand become the Movement of Mother Language in Bangladesh. Different type of Organisation were formed throughout the country in favour of movement.



Procession for Bangla language…

Protest movement for Bangali a…

Rafiquddin Ahmed.gif
Awami League the main political party of East Bengal called a convention and formed All Party Committee of Action (APCA). APCA called a general strike on 21st February, 1952 and it was observed unanimously throughout the country. But Pakistani polies starts to through tear gas shells, charges baton on the peachful procession which turned a riot near Dhaka University and Dhaka Medical College campus.


From the begining of 1948 the demand for Bengali as the state language was popularly supported by Bengali Scholars, lawers, academics, leftist, rightist, students and various groups of middle class. Because of Pakistani Governments ignorance this demand spilled over the street in all the cities in East Bengal and became a massive language movement. It took a new dimension after a Student League is formed with the leadership of Sheikh Mujib, a Dhaka University Student and later the Founder Father of Bangladesh.

In March 1948, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan and it's first Governor General came to visit East Bengal and declares in a Dhaka University Convocation that "State Language of Pakistan will be Urdu and no other language. After this remarks the movement turns an anger form of procession and Dhaka University becomes the main point of Language Movement. Central Govt. not only ignore the then mass people demand but finally they declared that Urdu is the only one state language of Pakistan. Sheikh Mujib started fasting from 16th February for the demand and he was arrested including other student leaders. Still he was directing language movement from jail through the Bengali police in jail.


A Language Martyr who died in a police firing, on 21st February 1952, on a mass-rally demanding the mother language (Bangla) to be one of the state languages of Pakistan. He was born on 30th October, 1926 in the village Paril Baldhara in Shingair police station under Manikgonj district. He was a student of Manikgonj Debandra College.





Safiur Rahman.gif

bengchar.gif

Ram_Mohan_Roy_statue.jpg

A Language Martyr who died in a police firing on 22nd February 1952 on a mob agitating against the police action on the 21st February 1952. Born on 24th January, 1918 in the village Kunnyogar under 24-Pargana, West Bengal, he migrated to Bangladesh (the then East Pakistan) in 1948. He was an employee in the accounts section in Dhaka High Court.




Bangla or Bengali is the official language of Bangladesh and about 210 million people througout the world speaks in Bangla. It is an ancient language about 4000 years ago when the Arja's came in the Subcontinent. At present a huge percentage of peoples in India, Pakistan, Nepal, US, Canada and Middle East speaks in Bengali. According to Unesco record Bangla is the 7th largest language as heighrarchy in the world.


Indian reformer Ram mohan Roy died in Bristol, England, where this statue of him stands.



Raja Ra Mohan Roy buried here.…

West Bengal Map.gif

Ramuhan Roy.jpg









Maharaja Trailokhanath Chakroborty (King without Crown)Kishoreganj Bengal Basin
Maharaja and Trailokhanath Chakroborty

Maharaja1.jpg

Maharaja.jpg

IndiaWest.jpg
Maharaja  Trailokhanath Chakroborty (King without crown) Kishoreganj, Bengal Basin


Maharaja Trailokhanath Chakroborty and Prime Minister Indira Ghandi






Nazul.gif

Swapan.gif

Basu.gif









Nobel Laureate Charles H. Townes

Walsh.gif

Derek.gif

Charles.gif






Nobel Laureate Charles H. Townes, Convenor, Keynote Speaker of Crimes Against Humanity: Bengal Basin and Beyond is delivering his keynote lecture at the convention at the Cox Auditorium, University of California at Berkeley on June 1, 2002.



Sinha.gif

LinusPauling.gif

RashLakeTahoe.gif










parliament.gif

Plantation.gif

BanglaLanguage.gif










Sunrise.gif

TeaGarden.gif

BayOfBengal.gif










MunumentSavar.gif

Himalaya.gif

Seaborg.gif










Symp7.gif

Symp4.gif

Symp1.gif










Lion2.gif

Lion1.gif

Raham.gif










RashRaham.gif

Kershaw and Rash.jpg

Lake.jpg










Leather.jpg

sen2.gif

Himaraya.jpg










Monsoon,jpg.jpg

Textile.jpg

TeaGarden.jpg










Prec.jpg

Temp.jpg

Monument.gif










Robind.gif

zia.jpg

Nataji.jpg










Nazural.jpg

BengalMap.jpg

BengalBasin.gif










townes4.jpg

Dr. Rash B. Ghosh with Dr. Cha…

girlboat1.jpg










Donna Spring.jpg

rabiwrt.gif

rarham.jpg
Berkeley City Council member









Map of Bangladesh

West Bengal

Bangladesh Girl










A Young Victim

Arsenic Contamination in Benga…

Altimetry Map



This map illustrates how many parts per billion(ppb) of arsenic is found throughout the Bengal Basin.


This sea surface and gravity anomaly map of the Bengal Basin area was computed from information gathered by a number of satellites.
Information provided from the following website: http://www.deos.tudelft.nl/altim/atlas/



A victim of arsenic poisoning

Another victim's hands

Maidan_early_morning.jpg
A photo of an individual's hand that has been severely affected by arsenic.


Similar to the previous photo, these hands are severally damaged.





Sign In for Upload










Welcome to Bengal Basin  |  Upcoming Events July 2013  |  Donation to IIBB  |  4 Scientists  |  Join IIBB/Member Benefits  |  Arsenic Contamination in the Bengal Basin  |  Frequently Asked Questions  |  History of Bengal  |  Historic Figures of Bengal  |  Language Day  |  News Articles  |  International Symposia Series on Toxic Contamination  |  Human Rights Symposia Series  |  Raja Ram Mohan Roy: Father of Modern India - Symposia Series  |  Recent Event-8th International Symposium in Bangladesh: Background, Registration, and Fees  |  Upcoming Events  |  Visva Bharati University  |  Message Center  |  Discussion Groups  |  Maps/Photos  |  Links  |  Contact us  |  Stand Against Injustice  |  Sheik Majibur Rahman  |  Founder and Institute Fight to Save Property  |  About the Institute



Sign In

 Sign In